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India’s first underwater rail tunnel

The longest rail tunnel in the world is Japan’s Seikan tunnel which is 53.9 km long, located beneath Tsugaru Strait and connects Hokkaido Island with Aomori Prefecture. Its surveying commenced by 24 April 1946 and its construction by 28 September 1971. This tunnel was opened on 13 March 1988. Such a tunnel is now in India!

Boring of India’s first underwater rail tunnel running under the Hooghly river connecting Howrah and Kolkata got completed on 23 May 2017 before its scheduled deadline of July. Its final commissioning is scheduled by December 2019. Its initial deadline was 2012 which was first postponed to 2015. The companies responsible for the construction are Afcons Transtonnelstroy and Kolkata Metro Railway Corporation Ltd. The machine Rachna was used to dig it.

The total length of the entire project is 16.6 km, out of which 10.8 km runs under ground. Of this, 502 meters is under water. The stretch of 16.6 km will have 12 stations, 6 of which are underground and 6 are on elevated tracks. The total project costs 750 million USD ( about 500 crore INR) The operation was delayed several times due to land allocation, slum relocation, route alignment problems and so on..


Useful colors of music

Chances are as you’re reading this article you’re listening to your iPod or an awesome cover on Youtube. Or maybe you have that song stuck in your head. Music spreads through our everyday life so much so that we barely notice it’s presence. But is music just a pleasure?

Listening to music is one of the few activities that uses the entirety of human brain. It clears our minds and has been known to make us smarter. The level of stress hormones in the blood declines significantly in those listening to relaxing music, sometimes replacing the need for medication. Listening to music for an hour every day can reduce chronic pain upto 21% and depression upto 25% It’s even been reported that ambient sound, played at a moderate volume, can encourage creativity and that listening to music can help repair brain damage and can improve brain functioning. Music and sound can boost immune function. Music creates less physical tension and stress, calms the mind, and helps the body heal itself.

Several studies have shown that music can boost endurance and help us use energy more efficiently during exercise. Songs help us remain in exercise till the end of it. One theory even introduces something called the “Mozart effect,” and a study that builds on the theory found that the infamous composer’s “Piano Sonata in D Major” led to decreased epilepsy in patients, a finding even extended to patients in comas. It has been found that the verbal and visual skills are improved when an individual practices on the piano. It inhibits the occurrence of fatigue, as well as changes the pulse and respiration rates. Music has the ability to return lost memories. Songwriting can help patients confront impulse control and allows an output for negative emotions. An additional useful study reveals that Alzheimer’s patients recall words to familiar songs much better than spoken words or information.

A survey has concluded that students listening to music have higher GPA. Students can perform well while listening to music and doing math homework than reading history. Music has been put to use in hospitals, nursing homes and many other places where stress levels rise. Patients who listened to music while waiting for surgery subjectively reported lower anxiety. Medical students are well known for experiencing very high stress levels, at least 18% of medical graduates studied, played instruments daily. If only there were some way to make yourself seem smarter without working. Oh, wait, there is. Mozart music, especially piano music, can raise your spatial reasoning, the equivalent of nine IQ points. Music can boost productivity. Research into health and memory in work environments has radically changed the way music is used in the workplace.

Music therapy is given to children and adolescents with psychopathology in many countries. Studies have shown that music therapy has a moderate positive effect for the patients and is more effective. Music is a form of communication, although it does not employ linguistic symbols or signs. The act of singing can bring people together. Today it is an extremely popular and available form of entertainment. The kind of music you listen affects the way you read people’s facial expression. It is a unique gift to and from each person who creates it. A study also showed that we find happiness when we synchronize with other individuals and this is what takes place when everyone sang together.

Throughout all of the research we noted that music is extremely helpful to health, learning, memory, can motivate people and help relax those who are too stressed, which is why we think that music should be integrated in some way into the school programs, hospitals and at work to help people stay relaxed, learn and concentrate, and stay in a good mood. It is also recommended that parents should give their kids music lessons since they’re very young so they can learn things faster and have better concentration when they’re in school. Continue hearing!


Sleep is not just sleeping

Sleep’s importance goes way beyond just boosting your mood, banishing under-eye circles or making you feel good. Adequate sleep is a key part of a healthy lifestyle and can benefit your heart, weight, mind and more.

“Sleep is a golden chain that ties health and our body together”

Sleep can control stress levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels that reduces the risk of heart disease. A good sleep helps us lose weight as during sleep, certain hormones drive appetite. If you’re trying to learn something new, whatever it is you’ll perform better after sleeping. For an athlete, a simple way to improve the performance is sleep.

“Sleep is just as important as diet and exercise”

Too much or too less sleep shortens one’s lifespan. 12% increase in risk of death is due to short sleep and 30% increase is due to a long sleep. This implies that there is an increased risk of death from anything other than seven or eight hours of sleep a night. One in five adults fail to get enough sleep. Lack of sleep causes significant functional impairment in school.

“As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death.”

Sleep can facilitate insightful behavior and makes you more creative. Sleeplessness affects reaction time and decision making, causing more accidents. When you’re snoozing (which often occurs in a good sleep), the body repairs damaged tissue, produces crucial hormones and strengthens memories.

“If you are going to do something tonight, that you’ll be sorry for tomorrow morning, sleep late.”

Yes! Sleep is also a key to success.

Reading books has these benefits too!

Often in essays it’s mentioned that reading books help in mental stimulation, stress reduction, knowledge and vocabulary expansion, memory improvement, focusing and concentrating. Apart from them they help in improving writing skills also. Reading helps to recognize different patterns that occur in writing. A study of one hour per day in any chosen field will make you an international expert in seven years.

It has health benefits too! Books help us be calm, reducing blood-pressure. In today’s hurry-burry work-life reading a book at the end of the day helps one feel good, no matter what book he/she chooses. A study has shown that people who read are two and half times less likely to be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. Reading gives brain a workout and keeps the brain young. If one starts reading during a workout, a suck-you-in plot may keep you on the exercise machine for a long time to finish a captivating chapter which makes him/her healthy and fit. Doctors suggest using machine’s book ledge to avoid neck/shoulder pain.

Reading offers Brazilian prisoners to shorten their sentences along with cycling. By “Redemption through learning”, four days will be cut for every book they read, trimming 48 days off their sentence a year. They are asked to write in paragraphs without flaws to succeed in this. A person can leave prison more enlightened and with an enlarged vision of the world. Without doubt they will leave a better person.

New York University researchers say, stories provide life-changing perspective. Getting wrapped up in the lives of characters strengthens one’s ability to understand others’ feelings. A study done has concluded that access to fictional story lines opens you up to new emotions and feelings. It also helps you to understand people. Books are the cheapest mean of entertainment and yes! your neighbors would never complain that your book is too loud.

Addiction to reading books has a disease too. Abibliophobia is known as the fear of running out of reading material. An author Rita suffers from such abibliophobia that she almost lives in the library. She had begun writing novels as a result of suffering from acute abibliophobia.

After you enter the reading world there is no wonder if you read books that help you relieve from abibliophobia! People in Iceland read more books per capita than in any other country. Now make your country win!!

dino 3Reading books has these benefits too